(UPDATED: May 21, 2:45 pm) The leading 50 party-list (PL) candidates in the 2019 Midterm Elections are expected to occupy the 61 seats reserved for PLs in the 18th Congress, based on figures as of May 21, with 98.29% of the election returns transmitted.
61 seats constitute the 20% of the total number of representatives in the Lower Chamber, including those under the PL. There are currently 245 legislative districts.
According to DZUP Balita’s computation of the partial and unofficial results from the Commission on Elections’ (COMELEC) transparency server, front-runners ACT-CIS or Anti-Crime and Terrorism Through Community Involvement and Support, Bayan Muna, and Ako Bicol are set to likely get the maximum three seats each. Currently, ACT-CIS has secured 9.45% of the votes cast for PLs, with 2,610,361 votes. It is distantly followed by Bayan Muna with 1,109,199 votes or 4.02% of the votes in the PL race, and Ako Bicol with 1,046,399 votes, securing 3.79%. Meanwhile, five PLs are expected to get two seats each based on DZUP Balita’s computation. These are CIBAC with 3.35%, Ang Probinsyano with 2.78%, 1PACMAN with 2.58%, Marino with 2.45%, and Probinsyano Ako with 2.28%.
Completing the list of PLs which are seen to get a seat in the House of Representatives are Senior Citizens, Magsasaka, APEC, Gabriela, An Waray, COOP-NATCCO, PHILRECA, ACT Teachers, Ako Bisaya, Tingog Sinirangan, Abono, Buhay, Duterte Youth, Kalinga, PBA, Alona, RECOBODA, BH, Abang Lingkod, CWS, A Teacher, Bahay, BHW, TUCP, Sagip, GP, Manila Teachers, Magdalo, RAM, Anakalusugan, Ako Padayon, AAMBIS-OWA, Dumper PTDA, TGP, Patrol, Agap, LPGMA, Amin, Kusug Taugug, Kabayan, Diwa, and Kabataan. They are all expected to occupy one seat each.
The 2009 decision of the Supreme Court in BANAT vs. COMELEC struck down the 2% threshold set in the Party-List System Act in the second round allocation of additional seats as it is said to be unconstitutional. The decision reads, “the two percent threshold makes it mathematically impossible to achieve the maximum number of available party list seats when the number of available party list seats exceeds 50.” Only eight PLs have support of 2% of Filipino voters.